´╗┐´╗┐Relational Databases / History of Electronic Database

History of Electronic Database

Obviously databases in one form or another were known to exist throughout the history, even in Ancient times. These were all manual databases either on paper, stone or other materials that people could write on. Databases as we understand them now first appeared in 1960’s with the expansion of computers.

As said, it all started in 1960’s when IBM introduced first database system that was widely accepted called SABRE. It is today known as a database that was first used at American Airlines to manage reservation data. In the 1970’s E.F. Codd wrote a paper that revolutionise the way people think of databases. He was the first to separate database organisation with actual data. It became de facto standard and it is used to this day. In 1980’s Structured Query Language or shortly SQL became the standard. Along with increasing popularity of personal computing, databases achieved huge commercial success. IBM was again pioneer with the introduction of DB2. Other IT companies were active as well and products as PARADOX and WATCOM SQL were born as well. Those too were commercially successful. 1990’s was the decade of Oracle. They took a nice share of market with their database tools. With the increasing use of Internet in the 1990’s and 2000’s database systems continued to grow at a steady pace and today we can hardly think of a life without them. They are all around us used in commercial, government and personal setting.

Short History of Electronic Database Timeline

pre Computers Era: Mainly paper was used

pre 1960: File based flat databases were used

1960: SABRE - IBM Database System used by American Airlines

1970: E.F.Codd published his database paper

1980: SQL became a standard

1980: IBM released DB2 which became huge success and a role model for others

1990: Electronic Databases became popular and were used at home as well utilising Excel/Access and ODBC

1990-2000: With the growing use of Internet and online marketing, databases became the foundation for web sites and web applications. Oracle Developer software was huge success. XML was introduced.